Perfect Historical Day Trips from Muscat (With Maps)

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Let’s explore historical Oman with some beautiful castles, forts, and ethnic marketplaces, considered the best sightseeing attractions in Oman. Read this post for ultimate Historical Day Trips from Muscat or one of the most famous Oman Day Tours. 

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
On the top – Nizwa Fort

Oman has a great history with ancient cultural preserves, forts, fortresses, castles, and souqs/souks.  This historical Oman forts and castles trip is a must and highly recommended in your Oman Sightseeing tours.  I will be talking about these forts, approximately two hours drive from Muscat. 

Things to do in Oman - Historical day trips from Oman
Courtesy Google maps – click here for directions

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours

As you must have read in my Muscat City Tour article, Oman has been blessed with rugged mountain terrains. The drive is mainly through beautiful mountains. As we planned to cover three forts, one cave, and some viewpoints on mountains the whole day, we started early in the morning. So read about some perfect historical day trips from Muscat – with amazing Oman forts and castles.


Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Nizwa Fort

Your visit to Oman is incomplete if you skip Nizwa Fort tour as it is the biggest and most beautiful fort of Oman which has a history dating back to 9th century. It is also known as Pearl of Islam.

Located in Nizwa the oldest city of Oman is 140 km from Muscat. It was once meaningful learning, defense center and also a former capital of ancient Oman.  The oldest part of the fort has the historical significance of the 9th century and was later restored in the 17th century by Sultan bin Saif Al Yarubi.

 This fort is believed to keep away many foreign invaders and even expelled the Portuguese from Oman.  This fort has a big cylindrical and circular tower which is largest in all forts of Oman, with seven wells, two mosques, prisons, traps, pits underground tunnels, cannon shooting area, learning areas, exhibits of handicrafts and demonstrations of old-style living articles.

The foundation of this fort is around 98 feet under the ground.  Earlier Oman was ruled by Imams in Oman, and this place was center of learning & enlightenment, this place has generated many great poets, scientists, and religious personalities.

Uniquely built to protect from invaders you can see many traps for invaders like stairs were made with sudden gaps in between which were left open when there was an invasion. 

Also, there are many original exhibits of ancient items like study materials, silver articles with silver making workshop, rooms of scholars with bathing areas, kitchen and kitchen articles, ancient coins, rupees(even Indian rupees), Omani Khanjar (dagger) and much interesting ethnic stuff. 

You can also see the evolution of Omani currency from barter trade times to present date. There was significant use of Gulf Rupee issued by Indian Government or Reserve Bank of India between 1959 to 1956. This shows that Oman played a major role in ancient trade between India and Arabic countries. In 1960s Oman developed its own currency system named Omani Rial(OMR).

On the ground floor, there are many handicraft workshops going on, which are run by rural women. The main handicrafts are basket weaving, a mask(niqab) making, embroidery on textiles and jewelry making. 

The vast sandstone-colored, silent walls of Nizwa fort lead to an exciting historical journey of Oman. Nizwa fort tour is one of the best historical day trips from Muscat.

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Walls of Nizwa Fort
TIP – Nizwa is an ancient historical city and therefore dress conservatively in this place with knees and shoulders covered. 

OPENING TIMINGS – Saturday to Thursday (8:00 A.M. TO 6:00 P.M.)

                                   Friday ( 8:00 A.M. TO 11.30 A.M. & 1:30 P.M. TO 6:00 P.M.)

ENTRANCE TICKET COST – OMR 5 (approx.. 13 USD) per person – With this, you get a guided tour, and the guide will explain all the important history of this fort and also takes you to all sections.

  • While you enter or exit Nizwa fort, there is Nizwa souq, where you will get lost in many interesting Omani handicrafts and local stuff.
  • Claywork and pottery is the main product that you can buy here. Also, you can buy Omani silver handicraft jewelry, embroidered caps, Khanjar(dagger), dates, and date products. 
Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Entering Nizwa Souq
PHOTOGENIC SPOT – Terrace of Fort, Doors, Arches, Nizwa souq and zigzag sandstone-colored walls.

After this detailed two hours Nizwa fort tour, we proceeded to the Al Hoota caves. Now you know why Nizwa Fort Oman tops the list of historical day tours from Muscat, Oman.


Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours

The two million years old cave – The Al Hoota cave in the Arabian peninsula which is 4.5kilometers long with only 500-meter access to visitors. It is located on the foot of Jabal Shams hills which is Oman’s highest mountain range. Jabal Shams is also known as Grand Canyon of Middle East. So let’s explore some natural wonders under the ground.

This cave system is formed by dissolution of limestone by acidic water and after every 100 years, the water dissolves 10mm of rock which forms stunning stalagmite and stalactites.  

You can see huge formations with some interesting shapes, and even you can figure out one massive lion type of face formed by stalagmite and stalactites.  There are four lakes beneath with a rich ecosystem, and also you can spot some rarest of fish species like Blind fish. 

The electric train takes you the entrance of the cave from the ticket window and then guide accompanies you through the whole cave while explaining all the things in detail.

Photography is not allowed inside the cave, and lights are only switched on by the guide for viewing as they are switched off to not create a hindrance to cave dwellings. It takes around 45minutes to 1 hour to take the tour of this cave.

Click here to book your own time slot as they allow a specific number of people to enter the cave, before reaching here to avoid huge queues on weekends and special holiday days.


                         3.5 OMR                    1.0 OMR                  OMANI NATIONALS

                            7.0 OMR                    3.5 OMR                  OTHER NATIONALITIES

They conduct special University & school tours at special discounted prices.

PRECAUTION/WARNINGThere is a lot of humidity and sometimes lack of air inside the deep cave. You may feel claustrophobic sometimes. There are many steps which you have to climb and climb down to.
Dark narrow passages and sometimes they are wet and slippery. Do not touch anything inside the cave. Watch your steps and head. –

After this, we hurriedly proceeded to Al Bahla Fort with few short stopovers at Jabal Sham mountains. Many of them divert from here and stay in luxury mountain resorts of Jabal Shams and try to indulge in some mountain adventures like hike, trails, mountain camps, etc.

You can also consider staying at Anantara Jabal Akhdar Mountain retreat resort. But we decided to continue further and explore some ancient forts and castles in Oman.

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Jabal Shams – Grand Canyon of Middle East
Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Jabal Shams Mountain ranges



Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours

One of the oldest fort with a history dating back to 500B.C. with many restorations in 13th, 17th and 19th centuries.  It is located in Bahla town, a potter’s town famous for clay work and pottery. 

Bahla is 24 kilometers away from Nizwa town and this fort is UNESCO listed fort in Oman.  After many restorations, this fort had always severe damages but finally reconstructed in 2012 and open to the public. 

It has a massive structure with huge walls, wells, mosques, and many rooms with special arched doors. Though the fort looks massive interiors are empty without any exhibits and furnishings. 

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Bahla Town with fort and mud settlements with a backdrop of Jabal Shams mountain range

You can also see ancient mud settlement adjoining the fort which is a very interesting tour. You can explore through this little mud town to discover some beautiful doors, windows, zigzag roofs, and walls. 

It is believed that fort is made up of bricks of mud & straw, and therefore many parts of this fort are eroded with time. 

Locals believe that this fort could not survive restoration due to some superstitions.  Once Bahla was the center of Ibadism( a branch of Islam) and was a perfect example of ancient Islamic settlements.

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Interiors of Bahla Fort

This unique ancient styled mud settlement and Falaj system(special Middle-Eastern Irrigation system) add unique features to this place.

CLOSING TIMINGS – Fort closes 4:00 P.M. every day and 11:00 P.M. on Friday.

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Entrance to Bahla Fort
Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Exploring Mud/ClayTown Settlement near Bahla Fort

Now after this we proceeded to Jabreen Castle.


Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours

A lovely 17th-century castle located at 10 to 11 kilometers from Bahla fort which was built by Yaruba dynasty.  This castle is different from forts as it was not built during the war but was made during peace & prosperity time.  The ruler was fond of science & art and therefore this castle has lovely interiors. 


                                FRIDAY – 8:00 A.M. TO 11:00 A.M.

We reached after 4:00 P.M. so could not view it from inside but enjoyed the exteriors. 

After this, we proceeded to Muscat for a night stay and had dinner in Muscat. I stayed in Fraser Suites for one night and in Levatio Hotel Muscat for two nights. Read more about where to stay in Muscat. 

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Nizwa Town Entrance and Exit


  1. Respect local customs and traditions.
  2. Wear respectful clothing(with knees and shoulders covered) with not much skin show for both boys and girls.
  3. There can be a hilly drive many times.
  4. During monsoon, drive carefully and slowly if there is mist or fog.
  5. Refer to the closing times of forts.
  6. A lot of walking and climbing is required, so wearing comfortable footwear.
  7. Carry loads of water and take light meals in between as heavy meals can create an upset stomach due to mountainous drive.
  8. Hire guides, and tour operators, or drive your own vehicle to reach here. You can book all these three forts tours by clicking here. Also, Click here to book your full day tour to Nizwa.
  9. Google Maps works perfectly fine and you will reach accordingly by following them.
  10. These towns are conservative towns so don’t expect big hotels or international branded food chains. You can try some local food in between.
  11. There is no language problem as all understand English and even signboards of forts are in English and Islamic.
  12. Very safe and well maintained
  13. Start early as much as possible as the closing time of forts is nearly 4 to 5 P.M. And most of the activities at least need 2 hours to see thoroughly.
  14. There are designated parking spaces near the fort, so parking should be a problem.
  15. Roads are toll-free, and you will find many fuel/gas refilling stations.
  16. Don’t try to overdo things as this excursion is slightly hectic. Do as much as you can or whatever time allows.
  17. Enjoy between paths as you see many different natural rock styles and colors.
  18. Souks / Souqs and weekly market fairs are fascinating, so try to reserve some time for them. Weekly market fairs are generally held on Fridays, but some souks are open forever.
  19. You can stay in these towns, but as you cannot find big hotels to stay in here, I would recommend staying in Muscat.
Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours


NEAREST INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT – Muscat or you can drive from Dubai

Historical Day Trips from Muscat | Oman Sightseeing Tours | Oman Day Tours
Bahla Fort


  • From Dubai, you can reach Muscat by SELF-DRIVE
  • or there are many buses which run between these two cities. Mwasalat air-conditioned buses with toilets run between Dubai and Muscat. 
  • From Dubai, bus 201 leaves at 7.30am, 3.30pm, and 11 pm from 800m north of Deira City Centre and arrives roughly six hours with a stop at the border and later at Azaiba station in Muscat.
  • The cost of a ticket is around 55AED.

From Muscat bus leaves at 6.20am, 3.20pm and 11.20pm and take around 40 minutes longer. Buses make a small stop in Sohar (Oman). Women traveling alone usually sit at the front of the bus. The cost of a ticket is around 5.5OMR.

I hope you loved reading about some of the stunning Oman castles and forts in this historical day trips from Oman article. There are many exiting things to do in Oman with family and friends.


USEFUL READS FOR OMAN TRIP – Best Day Trips From Muscat Oman

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Nizwa Fort tour from Muscat Nizwa Fort tour from Muscat

So, till then KEEP TRAVELING……………… KEEP EXPLORING……………………………………………………

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  1. We stopped in Muscat twice when cruising. Both days we were busy as we explored the city. So it is good to learn that there are some great day trips as well for a return visit. The Al Hoota cave would be an interesting change from seeing architecture. Although we would not want to miss seeing the UNESCO Bahla Fort. Too bad the interior furnishings are no longer there. I bought a special outfit when I was in Muscat last. So I would be properly dressed for my return visit.

  2. Ok, I am sold! I so want to visit the Nizwa Forts if I do reach this area. Oman has been on my list for a very long time and would love to do a road trip here. Out of all the countries in the middle east, Oman seems to interest me the most. 🙂

  3. These are some amazing day tours that take you back in time. My attention was particularly riveted by Nizwa Fort , it looks really fascinating. Also the presence of Indian currency and the trade links to India, makes it all the more interesting. The other place we would love to visit is the Al Hoota cave, two million years old, sounds so incredible and the length of the cave too is something awesome. I am sure a visit there would be a unique experience.

    1. Yes Sandy, the visit to Nizwa fort is really interesting as I too found its link with ancient India which is amazing thing to know here.

  4. I had been to Muscat once but couldn’t get much time to explore… The place is absolutely stunning. I have enjoyed Musandam Dibba tour & it was a wonderful experience. Need to plan a longer holiday there to view all the beautiful sights of Muscat you have mentioned in the blog.

  5. My brother is a regular visitor to Oman but tells me there isn’t much to do there. Im forwarding this to him. Im pretty sure with so much to do and see there he will change his opinion:) Personally would love to check out the Bahla fort!

    1. Thanks Sreekar, I too have know many people from Oman don’t know much about tourist attractions due to lack of advertising. It is great that they should know that there are so many things to do there and many places are very beautiful.

  6. I have no idea how many time I’ve said “wow” reading through your post and looking at photos of these architectural wonders. There’s so much history and I love that guied tours are included in admission. It’s so much easier to appreciate places once you know their story!

  7. That fort is very beautiful. It’s always fun to learn more about the history of region. This information is very useful.

  8. Just the drive to Oman alone sounds amazing as I’m a huge fan of mountainous landscapes. Your tip about dressing conservatively for Nizwa fort is exactly what I need. I would hate to accidentally be disrespectful of a culture I’m trying to learn about when it’s so simple to prevent.

  9. We spent a bit of time in Muscat a few years ago but didn’t really explore much out of the city. You’re post has inspired me to see a bit more of the country, it looks like there are some fantastic things to see. Thanks for all the useful information, really helpful when planning a trip.

  10. Oman sounds like a beautiful place to visit. The fort has so much history but I especailly love cave tours that sounds like an adventure. There are 4 lakes in the cave that is crazy huge. I would love ot go there someday.

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