Bridge – A man-made structure that helps in transporting things from one end to other ends across a river, road, valley, or an obstacle. Numerous amazing and unbelievable bridges in the world are famous for beauty, design, and location. Bridges played an important role in spreading knowledge, development, trade, the rise of transportation since ancient ages. The construction of early bridges started from stone arched or wooden planks and then evolved to many engineering designs at present. Now you can find the best bridges all over the world that prove the evolution of excellent engineering and technology skills in the construction area. In this post, let’s take the virtual tour of most beautiful and famous bridges in the world – pictures of best bridges.
Types of Bridges | Most Beautiful And Famous Bridges In The World – Pictures of Best Bridges
Bridges are categorized into –
Bridges by structure – The design or structure type which handles all 5 forces – tension, compression, torsion, bending & sheer.
Fixed or Movable types – Mostly bridges are fixed, but some temporary bridges are made movable too.
Usability Types – Pedestrian or Railway Bridge. There are many specific bridges and therefore they can be classified as per their use too.
I will be listing some of my favorite beautiful and famous bridges in the world, with their beautiful pictures, which I have visited personally and some of them which are still on my bucket list.
Most Beautiful And Famous Bridges In The World – Pictures of Best Bridges from my travels
BANDRA WORLI SEA LINK, MUMBAI, INDIA
- Type – Cable-stayed bridge
- Core Material – Prestressed concrete steel
- Span – 18,370 feet.
Built-in 2009, this Bandra Worli Sea Link bridge in the form of the new skyline of Mumbai. You can fell the racing winds, amazing sunsets over the Arabian sea under the stunning cables of this bridge, and can commute between Bandra and Worli with lots of ease. This bridge eases the commuting time in Mumbai which is known for lots of traffic. A 30 to 40 minute previous commuting time reduced to 10 minutes by constructing this bridge.
Usability Types – Eight-lane Highway (two – four-laned roads) to carry passenger vehicles. It is not for pedestrians.
BROOKLYN BRIDGE, NYC, USA
- Type – Hybrid Cable-stayed with Suspension,
- Material – Steel wire for suspension, Cement, limestone & Granite for columns,
- Span – 7710 feet.
The oldest suspension bridge of the USA is also a national historic landmark. Spanning over East River between the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn. Completely constructed in 1883, it took about 14 years to build it.
Useability – Six-laned bridge that carries passenger vehicles, pedestrians, and bikers.
CHARLES BRIDGE, PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC
- Type – 16 arches bridge and also comprising Bow bridge style
- Material – Bohemian sandstone
- Span – 2037 feet.
A historic and Gothic style of architectural bridge over the River Vltava is one of the beautiful and impressive bridges in Europe. This bridge connects the old historic town of Prague to Prague Castle. It has 30 decorative sculptures or statues which are sculpted in Baroque style. Completed in the 1400s this bridge is worth visiting the bridge in Prague.
Usability – Pedestrian bridge only.
BOSPHORUS BRIDGE, ISTANBUL, TURKEY
- Type – Steel gravity anchored Suspension Bridge
- Material – Steel,
- Span – 5118 feet.
An iconic bridge in Istanbul which joins two continents – Asia & Europe, and therefore it is also known as the bi-continental bridge. It was planned to construct this bridge in 511 BC but it was not a successful attempt and finally, in 1970, this bridge was completed in 1973. The most photographic spot of Istanbul and world-famous bridge for its strategic location and also connecting the eastern world to the western world.
Usability – Eight – laned bridge that carries passenger vehicles only. Earlier pedestrians were allowed but now only for commuting through vehicles.
RIALTO BRIDGE, VENICE, ITALY
- Type – Arch bridge,
- Material – Stone at present and earlier it was timber & Pontoon too,
- Span – 75 feet
Historic bridge of Venice and it was the first in Venice which spanned over The great grand Canals of Venice, Italy. Designed by Antonio Da Ponte and was a point of discussion among many critics of those times. As many thought this design was disastrous but this bridge proved all wrong and is a beautiful example of historic Venetian architecture with minimal wastage of space on both sides. On both sides of the portico, there are covered ramps with lots of small shops. It is made similar to its ancient wooden structure. Michelangelo too applied for its architecture but was got rejected. Now, this bridge is the biggest tourist attraction of Venice and also an iconic monument of Italy.
Usability – Only Pedestrian bridge.
PONTE VECCHIO, FLORENCE, ITALY
- Type – Closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge,
- Material – Stone,
- Span – 98 feet.
A medieval-styled bridge spanning over Arno river in Florence is well-known for its unique architecture and survival from WW-II. This two-storeyed bridge is having multiple shops on the second story. Built-in 996 but was destroyed in flood and after several makeovers, it was fully functional in 1345. It is 3 segmental-arched bridge.
Usability – Only Pedestrian bridge.
WABASH AVENUE BRIDGE(IVY KUPCINET BRIDGE) CHICAGO, USA
- Type – Double Leaf Bascule Bridge,
- Material – Steel,
- Span – 345 feet
It was once awarded one of the most beautiful bridges from the American Institute of Steel Construction. Built-in 1930 over the famous Chicago river, this bridge stands to the west of Michigan Avenue bridge and connects near the north area to Loop of Chicago. It is a single deck, double-leaf bascule bridge(Bascule means it can be opened up into 2 parts, so that big ships underneath can pass). Chicago is city of bridges and you will find lot many Bascule bridges here.
Usability – Pedestrian and Roadways too for passenger vehicles.
SYDNEY HARBOUR BRIDGE, SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA
- Type – Arch,
- Core Material – Iron,
- Span – 3,700 feet, Steel Arch 440 feet above the water.
Also, named as “Coat-hanger”, because of its arch shape. It was constructed in 1932 and an iconic bridge in Australia. Sydney’s iconic skyline is famous for this bridge and also famous for iconic fireworks on New Year’s Eve.
Usability – Roadway bridge – carries vehicles, pedestrians, and bikers.
BRIDGE OF PEACE, TBILISI, GEORGIA
- Type – Truss, Cantilever and Arch Bridge,
- Core Material – Steel and Glass,
- Span – 492 feet.
Newly constructed an iconic bridge of Tbilisi, Georgia which has impressive modern architecture. It crosses over the Mtkvari river in a historic town. Shaped like a marine animal, this bridge is adorned with 10,000 LED lights that glow up in the evening with specific patterns. Therefore this modern style of the bridge in historic city-center is favorite among tourists. Designed by Italian architect, it was completed in 2010.
Most Beautiful And Famous Bridges In The World – Pictures of Best Bridges – My Bucket List Ideas
GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE, SAN FRANCISCO, USA
- Type – Art Deco, Suspension Bridge, Truss Arch
- Core Material – Steel
- Span – 8980 feet.
Symbol of California and until the 1960’s it was the longest and tallest suspension bridge of the world. It was built in 1937 and also painted in “International Orange” to match the surrounding warm colors of nearby coastal regions. It is also one of the modern wonders of the world and is most recognizable in the world. It crosses over the San Francisco Bay.
Usability – 6 vehicle traffic lanes, Pedestrians have specific timing slots to cross this bridge.
AKASHI KAIKYO OR PEARL BRIDGE, KOBE NARUTO, JAPAN
- Type – Suspension Bridge,
- Core Material – Steel
- Span – 12,800 feet.
Also Known as Pearl Bridge it is built on Akashi Strait and was completed in 1998. This bridge is the longest central span suspension bridge in the world. This bridge can resist earthquakes, heavy tides, high winds, and considered as strong and sturdy. It also resisted the Kobe earthquake.
Usability – Roadway bridge – 6 lanes of Expressway and 4 Emergency lanes.
TOWER BRIDGE, LONDON
- Type – Suspension & Bascule
- Core Material – Steel clad in granite and stone masonry
- Span – 270 ft with 213 ft tall towers
This bridge crosses the River Thames and connects southern and northern London. It forms the iconic skyline of London and famous tourist attractions too. It was completed in 1894 and was inaugurated by Prince of Wales.
Usability – Passenger Vehicles and Pedestrians.
ROYAL GORGE BRIDGE, CANON CITY, COLORADO, USA
- Type –Suspension
- Core Material – Steel with timber deck,
- Span – 880 ft, and a total length of 1260 ft.
Highest suspension bridge of the USA and even the western hemisphere. It crosses over the Arkansas River and is 955 feet above the river. It was completed in 1929. Many adventurers flock here to do a jump with parachutes, Skycoasters to do swing rides over the bridge, Gondola, and ziplining nearby.
Usability – Pedestrians and Passenger Vehicles at some specific timings.
STARI MOST, MOSTAR, BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
- Type – Arch bridge,
- Core Material – Stone,
- Span – 95 ft.
Known as the humpbacked and 16th-century old bridge this bridge is known for its beautiful surroundings. It crosses over the Neretva River in the old town of Mostar. Before this bridge, it was a wooden bridge.
Usability – Only Pedestrians.
THE HELIX BRIDGE, MARINA BAY, SINGAPORE
- Type – Double Helix Bridge, Tubular Truss
- Core Material – Stainless Steel,
- Span – 918 ft.
The shape of this bridge makes it unique and it is shaped like the structure of DNA. It crosses over Marina Bay and connects Marina South to Marina to center. It has five points for viewing platforms. The helix shape forms a beautiful sight and worth visiting the attraction in Singapore.
Usability – Pedestrians only.
I hope you loved taking a virtual tour of 15 Most Beautiful And Famous Bridges In The World – Pictures of Best Bridges with all their basic design concepts and why they are so famous. Most of them I have visited but some of them are still in my bucket list and would love to visit soon. Let me know your favorite beautiful bridge below in the comments. There are many amazing bridges in this world with a beautiful backdrop, the sheer excellence of engineering, and it is always great to see them.
If you want to take virtual tour of bridges with Hindi (Indian language) commentary then watch this video – BEST BRIDGES IN THE WORLD.
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