Indian Paintings have a glorious history since 30,000 years. The significance of Indian paintings was predominantly seen in the pre-historic age which can be depicted from paintings on uncut stones or rocks at Bhimbhetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh (central India). These stone-age rock paintings show the rich and glorious history of Indian paintings for centuries and gradually developing into one of the best art forms in the artist’s world. Various kinds of Indian folk art or Indian art forms can be seen on the walls of ancient palaces, frescoes, temple ceilings or facades, murals on walls of solid structures, miniature work on fabrics, paper, etc. These tribal art forms passed on from generation to generation which generally depicts religious tales, daily life, general stories, and a great alternate to view them instead of reading. In this post, I will introduce you to some unique and peculiar Indian art forms paintings and so let’s go for Indian tribal art tour – a beautiful Indian Folk art journey.
Basic features of Indian Tribal Art Tour – A Beautiful Indian Folk Art Journey
- All regions or states of India have their unique and distinct art form.
- In ancient days, the products used in creating paintings or art forms were organic. Dyes were naturally made from trees or flowers.
- For drawing patterns, mostly mud, leaf, plant sticks, charcoal & soil were used instead of expensive modern brushes.
- Generally, these Indian art forms belong to a specific tribe and they are known as the expert in particular art forms. These art skills were passed on from generation to generation.
- Though colors are naturally made, paintings never got faded or color ran out from them till now.
- All forms of art depict the general lifestyle of the peculiar tribe, daily life, or some mythological story.
- Due to modernization in artistic skills, nowadays fashionistas are promoting these art skills on various mediums like fashionable dressing, home décor articles, while preserving the ethics of paintings.
Let’s check some of the famous works from Indian Tribal Art Tour – A Beautiful Indian Folk Art Journey
Introduction – Originated in present Bihar and Nepal. Also known at Mithila Art and is linked to the mythological kingdom of Janak (Goddess Sita’s father). This folk art originated 2500 years back.
Peculiarities – This art form generally depicts colorful mythological characters or humans, geometrical patterns, animals like peacock, fish, etc. These patterns are generally drawn by the women of the Mithila tribe in the Indian sub-continent.
Traditional Method to do Madhubani painting – Done by the twig of a plant, fingers, thin branch of the tree, nib-pens, and match-sticks. Generally organic dyes and rice flour paste were used in traditional ancient paintings. The primary color scheme is prominently seen in these paintings instead of the secondary color scheme. Nowadays various colors or mediums are used to create these paintings in various forms.
Where can it be seen – Walls, fabrics, utensils, home décor objects.
Facts about Madhubani – This Madhubani art form which was very famous in ancient ages was re-discovered by Britishers in the 1930’s during a massive earthquake and then it gained lots of popularity in the art world.
Introduction – A peculiar and unique art form originated in the Western Ghats of India. It has a glorious past since 2500 BC. Also known as one of the famous and oldest art forms of Indian tribal art.
Peculiarities – Light-colored figure is drawn on a dark background. Generally background or backdrop is colored organically by dark-colored substances like mud or charcoal. Light-colored patterns or figurines are drawn with rice flour paste. Generally, daily activities like community dance, farming, cattle grazing, cooking, and other activities of the village are shown through this art form.
Traditional Method to do Warli painting – Mostly triangles, circles, and lines are drawn to form a human being, animal, or objects of nature. For eg, to draw a human being – two triangles facing from apex to apex are drawn for body and connected by a circle as head and then lines are drawn to depict limbs. To show movement the shapes are titled or given some angle. Nowadays these Warli paintings are innovatively done with many color schemes but mostly dual color schemes are adapted. Now many people are trying out Warli Paintings in the reverse color scheme too like light background and dark patterns.
Where can it be seen – In ancient times, these paintings were mostly done on mud walls of huts or houses. Nowadays Warli art is prominently seen on fabrics, home décor, and canvas.
Facts about Warli – Warli Art belongs to the Warli community tribe which is one of the largest tribes in India. In the 1970s this art got official recognition though it has centuries-old significance.
Introduction – Vibrant bold-colored paintings made by the Gond tribe of central India. These paintings are predominantly seen in Madhya Pradesh (state of India) but it is also found in neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh like Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra. This Gond art form is existing since the Mesolithic period and the Gond tribe is also one of the largest tribes in India. This tribe is known for artistic skills in painting and music.
Peculiarities – Bright and rich colored nature forms like animals, trees, or mountains are drawn on a light background. Lines and dots are filled into these figures to show movements and curves. Generally primary colors that are organically derived from nature are used to fill the figures. This art form is a close association of humans with nature.
Traditional Method to do the Gond painting – As this art form is the close association of humans with nature, natural forms are drawn, and then they are filled with organic colors. In these figures detailing is done by dots, small lines, dashes.
Where can it be seen – Gond people used to believe that these paintings bring good luck if you view them. That is why they used to decorate their houses with these traditional patterns. Nowadays you can find these paintings on canvas, fabric, home décor stuff, and walls.
Facts about Gond – Many people say that these Gond paintings resemble Aboriginal paintings of Australia.
Introduction – A traditional artwork of Kutch, Gujarat (western state of India) which comprises of mud and mirror. Also known a Mud & Mirror work nowadays. Mostly done by the Rabari community of Gujarat to decorate the interior of their houses. Still is has not been established about the age of this artwork or from when it was practiced.
Peculiarities – Generally dual or mono-color scheme is used for these paintings. It is said a combination of mud and mirror used to keep the huts of this community cool. Mostly geometrical or floral patterns are seen in this traditional artwork of Gujarat.
Traditional Method to do Lippan Artwork – Mud work is done with the mixture of mud & camel dung and then small cuts of mirrors in various shapes are organized around this mud work. The mud work is like sculpting and is done in such a way that it gives an embossed or raised effect on the surface. Nowadays people use polymer, sculptor’s clay, plaster of paris to do the mud work.
Where can it be seen – Walls of houses and on canvas.
Facts about Lippan Artwork – This unique artwork is now gaining lots of popularity by artists and interior decorators of the modern world. They are now using this artwork to create unique walls of restaurants and hotels.
RAJASTHANI MURAL ART
Introduction – A kind of embossed mural painting done on wood or canvas depicting Rajasthani village life.
Peculiarities – It is a kind of relief work and done on a hard surface to give an embossed look. The whole painting is created in such a way that it gives some 3D effect to some extent. Detailings of the objects are given embossed look.
Traditional Method to do the Rajasthani Mural Art – Done on a wooden surface or hard canvas. After drawing the sketch, the embossed part is selected and then clay or cloth is used to give an embossed look. Generally jewelry of women, doors, or window frames, folds on clothes are given embossed look. After drying of embossed areas, the whole painting is painted by any type of color but with bright colors.
Where can it be seen – Huge murals on walls or large-sized framed canvas.
Facts about Rajasthani Mural Art – Rajasthani Art form is always colored in bright colors and lots of detailing is shown in them. Adding jewelry or intricate patterns on the surface is a key feature of doing this work. Every painting depicts the village lifestyle of Rajasthan.
INDIAN TRIBAL ART DISPLAY IN MANY ART EXHIBITIONS
I have also exhibited in many international shows and exhibitions to display Indian tribal art in many forms.
I hope you loved reading many Indian art forms or cultural Indian folk art. Let me know your favorite folk art form from India and how as your virtual Indian Tribal Art Tour – A Beautiful Indian Folk Art Journey. I would be glad if you try to create some of these art pieces at your home whenever you have free time.
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